The rate of type II diabetes has tripled (from 1.1% to 3.3%) between 1995 and 2008.
The estimated healthcare expenditure for diabetes in 2008-09 was $1.5 billion, with at least 60% of this due to type II diabetes. When taking into account additional costs including those borne by carers, community resources, government benefits and indirect costs, this figure is estimated to be $6 billion.
 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011). Diabetes in Australia: A snapshot, 2007-08. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra
 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2013. Diabetes expenditure in Australia 2008–09. Cat. no. CVD 62. Canberra: AIHW.
 Colagiuri S, Brnabic A, Gomez M, Fitzgerald b, Buckley A, Colagiuri R. DiabCo$t Australia: Assessing the burden of type II diabetes in Australia. (2003) Canberra: Diabetes Australia